COHESIVE: One Health Structure In Europe.

Start: 1 January 2018
Duration: 3 Years
Domain: Integrative Activity
Keywords: Common reporting and signalling procedures, joint platform for sharing surveillance data and their interpretation, incl. risk assessments
Contact: Kitty Maassen (RIVM)

The Project #COHESIVE

COHESIVE focuses on the ability to pick up, share and communicate signals as well as the ability to conduct joint risk assessments

Working towards a world with less zoonotic disease burden requires collaboration at all levels and between the veterinary and human domain. In some European countries, risk analytical structures to deal with (emerging) zoonoses in an integrated human‐veterinary setting have already been implemented. However, these structures mostly were implemented after experiencing one or more large outbreaks such as BSE in the UK or Q‐fever in The Netherlands. Now, these countries experience the advantages of integrated One Health approaches to deal with (re‐)emerging zoonoses, including AMR and food‐borne zoonoses. Due to very different organisation of food production systems, the veterinary and human health domains, both in and between countries, it must be realized that there is no general blue‐print for a OH risk‐analysis structure. In this context, the COHESIVE project aims at strengthening/improving (structured) collaboration between the human and veterinary domain in the area of risk‐analysis of (emerging) zoonoses in European Member States by:

  1. Stimulating One Health approaches at the national level within EU countries (EJP partner member states) and focusing on strengthening human‐veterinary collaboration by designing common procedures and tools while taking into account similarities and differences between countries. Importantly, the project will facilitate in the first step of creating support for a One Health structure by organizing local workshops with national stakeholders.
  2. Roadmap towards an EU zoonoses risk‐assessment of risk‐analysis structure by bringing  together existing risk analysis and epidemiological tools, skills and facilities that are required for a ‘one‐health’ surveillance over member states borders, including exploration of the use and possible implementation of early warning systems across Europe.
  3. Design and test a common open source platform for the collection and analysis of surveillance and outbreak data on (foodborne) zoonoses. The aim is to provide IT tools and data that are quickly available, usable and helpful in outbreak situations and for risk assessments. Especially tools for tracing, WGS and standardized risk assessments are established, harmonized and improved.  Interoperability with the main data exchange systems at EU level will be ensured such the TESSy platform and the EFSA zoonoses data collection system. The COHESIVE project has now developed a website with guidelines for setting up a One Health Risk Analysis System (OHRAS) for signalling, assessing and controlling zoonoses in European countries:
  4. Capacity building within and between EU countries at several levels (executive level, communication, policy makers) within the area of zoonotic diseases. Several pilots, within and between countries, will test the developed tools (guidelines for setting‐up a ‘One Health Structure’, risk‐assessment tool, early warning tool, data platform) within country through specific Vet‐Med partnerships. Multiple member states Vet‐Med partnerships will also assess the developed tools collectively on combined country surveillance. The COHESIVE project is currently developing guidelines for risk analysis of zoonoses which will be published this autumn.


Mangone, I., Radomski, N., Di Pasquale, A., Santurbano, A., Calistri, P., Cammà, C., Maassen, K. (2021). Refinement of the COHESIVE Information System towards a unified ontology of food terms for the public health organizations. IFOW 2021 Integrated Food Ontology Workshop, September 15-18, 2021, Bolzano Italy. DOI: & DOI:

Dewar, R., Gavin, C., McCarthy, C., Taylor, R A., Cook, C., Simons, R R L. (2021). A user-friendly decision support tool to assist one-health risk assessors. One Health, 13, 100266. DOI:

Buschhardt, T., Günther, T., Skjerdal, T., Torpdahl, M., Gethmann, J., Filippitzi, M. E., Maassen, C., Jore, S., Ellis-Iversen, J., Filter, M. (2021). A one health glossary to support communication and information exchange between the human health, animal health and food safety sectors. One Health. 13, 100263. DOI:

OpenAIRE Publications

The COHESIVE project has developed a website with guidelines for setting up a One Health Risk Analysis System (OHRAS) for signalling, assessing and controlling zoonoses in European countries.

For more information, see the three infographics below: Why, What, and How.

Visit the website to access the guidelines:


Project Events

COHESIVE End Symposium- 8th-10th November 2021

Brucella canis workshop 18th May 2021. 

COHESIVE Annual Meeting 10th-12th April 2019. Find more information here.

COHESIVE Workshop 26th-27th November 2018. Read of its success here!

Project Deliverables

D1.1-Kick off meeting

D1.3-Annual Meeting 2019

D1.4-Annual report 2019

D1.5 Annual meeting 2020

D1.7 Closing symposium

D1.8 – Annual report 2020


D2.2-Inventory and ambition workshop

D2.4-Thematic workshops

D2.5 – Development of common procedures and tools

D2.6 – Pilots performed in Norway and Portugal on the roadmap of the One Health risk analysis guidelines described in D2.5

D3.1-Inventory and ambition workshop

D3.2-Thematic Workshops

D3.4 – Inventory and analysis of tools for horizon scanning

D3.5-Retrospective Systems Mapping Detection of Outbreaks

D3.6 – B. canis in Europe: Gaps and challenges in controlling the spread

D3.7 – Drivers of change in One Health – a Horizon scanning exercise

D3.8-Review Economic Analysis Foodborne Zoonoses

D4.1-Implemented database

D4.1.2-Description of the links and the linked databases

D-4.1.3-Databases containing the country data

D4.1.4-Description of the pipelines implemented to feed the analysis tools with the data stored in the three databases of the COHESIVE project

D4.2.2-FoodChain‐Lab with integrated network analysis module as a web‐service, browser‐ready, open source and implemented in the BfR cloud

D4.2.3-Integration of surveillance and outbreak data into the software platform

D4.4.1 – Dissemination activities on Data platform to facilitate risk‐analysis and outbreak control

D4.5-Report of available tools and algorithms and ranking of most valuable features 



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