Congratulations to One Health EJP PhD student Elena Anedda for her first publication!

Elena Anedda publication celebration banner

Elena conducts research at the University of Galway and Teagasc on PhD project HME-AMR.

Her work focuses on the One Health issue of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR). While antibiotics influence the spread of AMR, agents found in the environment (e.g., biocides & heavy metals) can also facilitate the spread of antimicrobial resistance genes & antimicrobial resistant bacteria. Elena is specifically interested in the role of heavy metals.

Elena’s paper reviewed the evidence regarding the impact of heavy metals as a selective pressure for the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the primary food production environment. For this review, she examined 73 studies to identify gaps in knowledge.

The review findings:​

  • Highlighted a link between heavy metals & AMR in the primary food production environment. ​
  • Showed that heavy metals impacted the abundance & spread of mobile genetic elements & antimicrobial resistance genes.​
  • Advised on harmonising the methodologies for the analyses of AMR & heavy metal resistance.​

Thanks to all co-authors for contributing to this publication:

Anedda, E., Farrell, M. L., Morris, D., & Burgess, C. M. (2023). Evaluating the impact of heavy metals on antimicrobial resistance in the primary food production environment: A scoping review. Environmental Pollution. 320, 121035. ​DOI:

Read this review article here.

Learn more about HME-AMR PhD project on our website.



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